Today, Puglia, or Apulia as the Italians originally called it, produces more wine than any other wine region in the country.  Since the time of the Phoenicians and Greeks, the region’s land has been a sanctuary for vines and olive trees, always producing an abundance of wine and olives.  After the fall of the Roman Empire, the region tried to restore their diminished production of wine, until there was a disease at the end of the 19th century that completely killed all of the vineyards.  After the destruction, they decided to emphasize their winemaking on quantity over quality, which leads to modern times, where the region produces more wine than the entire continent of Australia.